Educational Background:

2007: Ph.D. in Applied Social Psychology, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA. 

2002: M.A. in Applied Social Psychology, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA.

1999: B.A. in Psychology (first major) and Sociology and Applied Social Relations (second major), Eastern Connecticut State University, Willimantic, CT.

To view my CV, click HERE. (Note: you must have adobe reader to read the file)

Courses, Fall 2016: 

Psyc 306: Social Psychology

Psyc 490: Individual Directed Study

Office Hours for Fall 2016:

MWF 10-10:50am

Thurs 12-1:50pm

or by appointment


Psychology Links:


Psychology Organizations:


American Psychological Association

Association for Psychological Science

Eastern Psychological Association

Psi Chi

Society for Community Research and Action

Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues


If You’re Interested in Graduate School, Check Out:


Information on getting into graduate school offered by APA.

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Michèle M. Schlehofer, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Psychology
Salisbury University
Holloway Hall 308
(410) 677-0034

When we hear about a threat to our health, how do we decide whether or not we're at risk? How do we decide whether or not to take efforts to reduce our risk?  And, why is it that many people engage in behaviors that, while making them feel less at risk, don't really do anything to actually help protect them from a threat?

These are just some of the questions I seek to answer in my research.  I’m an applied social psychologist with research interests in social cognition, risk perception, and community health.  I have a particular interest in women’s and reproductive health.  This includes such areas as HIV/AIDS prevention and pregnancy planning; the use of reproductive cancer-screening practices, such as mammography and Pap smears; and how perceived control and related cognitions--such as illusory control, self-efficacy, and perceptions of susceptibility--relate to engagement in such behaviors. 

As an applied psychologist, I am interested in how social psychological theory can be used to address community issues.  While some of the research that I do is laboratory based, much is also conducted out in the community, often in collaboration with local community-based organizations.

What am I Doing Currently?

Since 2007, I have been working alongside Dr. Tina Brown Reid of the Nursing Department here at Salisbury University on a community outreach initiative in the area of breast health.   I also have been conducting basic social psychological research on how people cognitively process health messages.

Interested in Getting Involved?  Did you know that psychology majors can earn course credit for working in my research lab?  Psyc 490 and 497 are both upper-division courses designed to provide you with mentored opportunities to engage in research.  Working with me will prepare you for graduate school or for outside employment in the area of community health.  I work with students each semester, however, spots are limited.  Please contact me to discuss joining my lab.


Select Publications.

Thompson, S. C., & Schlehofer, M. M. (in press). Undermining optimistic denial reactions to domestic and campus emergency warning messages.  Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being.


Schlehofer, M. M., & Gordon, S. M. (2013). Teaching experientially in the undergraduate community psychology classroom: Introduction to the issue. Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community, 41, 55-60. doi: 10.1080/10852352.2013.757978.


Bligh, M. C., Schlehofer, M. M., Casad, B. J., & Gaffney, A. M. (2012). Competent enough, but would you vote for her? Gender stereotypes and media influences on perceptions of women politicians. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42, 560-597.


Schlehofer, M. M., Casad, B. J., Bligh, M. C., & Grotto, A. R. (2011). Navigating public prejudices: The impact of media and attitudes on high-profile female political leaders. Sex Roles, 65, 69 - 82.


Schlehofer, M. M., & Thompson, S. C. (2011). Individual differences in mediators and reactions to a personal safety threat message. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 33, 194-205.


Brown, T. P., Schlehofer, M. M., & Simango, R. (2011). Research opportunities: An enhancement tool for nursing students. Public health nursing and population-based health initiative. Dean’s Notes, 32, 1-2.  


Thompson, S. C., Schlehofer, M. M., Gonzalez, A., & Denison, E. (2011). Reactions to a potential threat: Dispositional threat orientations and message characteristics. British Journal of Health Psychology, 16, 344-358.

Schlehofer, M. M., Thompson, S. C., Ting, S., Ostermann, S., Nierman, A., & Skenderian, J. (2010). Psychological predictors of college students’ cell phone use while driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42, 1107-112.

Schlehofer, M. M., Omoto, A. M., & Adelman, J. R. (2008). How do 'Religion' and 'Spirituality' differ? Lay definitions among older adults. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 47, 411-425.

Thompson, S. C., & Schlehofer, M. M. (2008). Control, denial, and heightened sensitivity reactions to personal threat: Testing the generalizability of the threat orientation approach. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1070-1083.

Omoto, A. M., & Schlehofer, M. M. (2007). The impact of volunteerism, religiousness, and spirituality on the health and well being of older adults. In S. Post (Ed.), Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research (pp. 394-409). New York: Oxford University Press.

Thompson, S. C., Nierman, A., Schlehofer, M. M., Carter, E., Bovin, M. J., Wurzman, L., Tauber, P., Trifskin, S., Marks, P., Sumner, J., Jackson, A., & Vonasch, A. (2007). How do we judge personal control? Unconfounding contingency and reinforcement in control judgments. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 29, 75-84. 

Thompson, S. C., & Schlehofer, M. M. (2007). The many sides of control motivation: Motives for high, low, and illusory control. In J. Shah & W. Gardner (Eds.). Handbook of Motivation Science (pp. 41-56). New York: Guilford Publications.

Thompson, S. C., & Schlehofer, M. M. (2007). Perceived control. In M. Gerrard & K. D. McCaul (Eds.), Health Behavior Constructs: Theory, Measurement, and Research. National Cancer Institute Website.

Thompson, S. C., Schlehofer, M. M., & Bovin, M. J. (2006). The measurement of threat orientations. American Journal of Health Behavior, 30, 147-157.

Thompson, S. C., Schlehofer, M. M., Bovin, M. J., Dougan, B. T., Montes, D., & Trifskin, S. (2006). Dispositions, control strategies, and distress in the general public after the 2001 terrorist attack. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 19, 143-159.

Guzman, B. L., Casad, B. J., Schlehofer, M. M., Villanueva, C. M., & Feria, A. (2003). C.A.M.P.: A community-based approach to promoting safe sex behaviour in adolescence. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 13, 269-283.

Guzman, B. L., Schlehofer, M. M., Villanueva, C. M., Dello Stritto, M. E., Casad, B. J., & Feria, A. (2003). Let's talk about sex: How comfortable discussions about sex impact teen sexual behavior. Journal of Health Communication, 8, 583-598.